Adjacent Levels

No matter what type of spine surgery I discuss with patients, the most frequent question is, “If I get surgery now, won’t I just keep needing more surgery for the rest of my life?” The answer is possibly “yes”, but not why most patients think… The first concept needing belaboring is that disc degeneration is…

It’s Not Brain Surgery…

In 2002, a University of Wisconsin study published data on the average intelligence quotient (IQ) of various occupations. Medical doctors and natural scientists were among the top. Of course, the researchers graciously included “college professors” too. What a coincidence… However, where did the idiom, “It’s not brain surgery” originate? It may have started around the…