Ground Level Head Trauma

There has been increased discussion in the media of head trauma, following the unexpected death of actor and comedian, Bob Saget. He was only 65 years old. On January 09, 2022, he apparently hit the back of his head on something and fell asleep. Some have indicated he thought nothing of it, went to sleep,…

Burn Pits and Brain Cancer

Burn Pits and Brain Cancer

This last week during Joe Biden’s State of the Union address, he made comments on military “burn pits” and a possible association with cancer. “Our troops in Iraq and Afghanistan faced many dangers. One being stationed at bases breathing in toxic smoke from burn pits… I’m also calling on Congress to pass a law to…

Adjacent Levels

No matter what type of spine surgery I discuss with patients, the most frequent question is, “If I get surgery now, won’t I just keep needing more surgery for the rest of my life?” The answer is possibly “yes”, but not why most patients think… The first concept needing belaboring is that disc degeneration is…

It’s Not Brain Surgery…

In 2002, a University of Wisconsin study published data on the average intelligence quotient (IQ) of various occupations. Medical doctors and natural scientists were among the top. Of course, the researchers graciously included “college professors” too. What a coincidence… However, where did the idiom, “It’s not brain surgery” originate? It may have started around the…

The Brains of the Sea

The Brains of the Sea

Most of the earth’s surface is ocean, and many major animal groups that exist today originated in the sea.  Yet only 15% of animals live in the ocean, while 80% live on land.  Quite a weird statistic, raising the question if aquatic animals are evolutionarily inferior? The neuroanatomy of some saltwater dwellers may actually suggest…