The Smoking Spine: Nicotine’s Ability to Cause and Worsen Back Pain

20 percent of American adults are cigarette smokers. Of these individuals, about 80 percent smoke daily. Cigarette smoke has been found to contain over 4,700 chemical substances with the most notable being nicotine. Nicotine in cigarettes, e-cigarettes, vapes, oral tobacco and even nicotine patches all contain carcinogenic substances such as hydrocarbons and tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNA).…


Minimally Invasive Brain Surgery

Our brain is a very complex organ. The average brain weighs about three pounds and is about 15 centimeters long. The cortex of the brain is the most superficial layer and in many ways is the most important part. Most of the brain cells start in the cortex and then extend through the deeper layers…


Am I Having Back or Hip Pain?

Pain in the low back region and upper legs can be caused by a few different joints. Depending on the symptoms, the pain could be from spine arthritis or hip arthritis. It’s important to accurately diagnosis the source of pain as the treatments can be different.

Will Stem Cells Fix My Back Pain?

Low back and leg pain is very common. It has many causes including arthritic and degenerating discs and joints in the spine which compress the nerves. The cause and standard treatment strategies have been well studied over many decades. Spine surgeons and other treatment providers are now confident in the traditional therapy, injections and even…


Which Low Back Surgery is Right for Me?

Low back surgery refers to surgery on the lumbar spine between the L1 bone and the L5-S1 level. Decompression, fusion and artificial disc replacement are all options to treat low back conditions. However, it is important to remember that these surgeries are not interchangeable, but instead have very specific indications. Depending on your symptoms and…


What are Injections Going to do for Me?

Low back pain is the most common disease in the United States. While most low back pain is caused by muscle spasms and can be treated with a few weeks of rest and over the counter anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), some people have more persistent symptoms and can be related to degenerative changes in the spine.…


Understanding Opioid Medications

Opioid medications can be used to treat pain. Their abundant use for both acute and chronic pain has led to an epidemic in the United States, which more recently has become publicized. It’s imperative to know what opioid medications are and how to use them safely.