How an Early Case of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Could Have Prevented More Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, but Ended Up Creating More…

Carpal tunnel syndrome is commonly considered an “over-use syndrome”. Repetitive activities may aggravate compression of the median nerve in the wrist by the transverse carpal ligament, manifesting as pain, tingling, numbness, and/or weakness of the hand. Chronic handwriting or computer typing can provoke the symptoms. In the 1930s after the Great Depression, Chester Carlson was…

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Transcranial Electric Stimulation

Transcranial electric stimulation (tES) is a noninvasive brain stimulation technique, passing an electric current into the brain through the scalp, to alter brain function. In contrast to other brain stimulation techniques, like transcranial magnetic stimulation, the current in Transcranial electric stimulation (tES) is not very powerful and maintains subthreshold levels to only affect the cortex…

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Fast and Furious Fractures

In 1885 the first seatbelt patent was granted to Edward Claghorn, as a way to keep tourists safe in New York City as they rode in taxis. In 1961, Wisconsin became the first state to require seatbelts in new cars. In 1968, both lap and shoulder belts were mandated in all new automobiles. However, it…

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You Must Be Smokin’ Something…

During both brain and spine surgery, we use electrocautery to control bleeding.  Bipolar cautery creates a circuit between the forcep tips, and the electric current flows smoothly between the active and return electrode.  Only minimal and focal patient tissue, in between the tips, is exposed to the current.  Monopolar cautery, however, creates a circuit between…

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Chiari Craniums and Chromosomes

Chiari I malformation is a complex brain disorder, which is still poorly understood and controversial. There are numerous types of Chiari, however Chiari I is most commonly found in kids and young adults.   Many people haven’t heard of Chiari I, although nearly 1 in 1,000 may have the diagnosis.  In comparison, multiple sclerosis (MS) affects…

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